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HINDI CHHAND / KAVITA KE NIYAM

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Feb 3 07 11:34 PM

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DOSTO,

YEH SAYAD AAP KO......GYAN DE HINDI KE BARE ME


HINDI CHHAND / KAVITA KE RULES:

HINDI ME BAHUT SE CHAND HOTE HAI….BADI MUSKIL SE LIKHA JATA HAI…..NIYAMO KE SAATH…..AAGE DETAILS ME BATAUNGA…… (AAP KO ENGLISH ME CHAHIYE TO BOLIYE)

MENE KOSHIS KI HE KE EQUIVALENT URDU KE SABD DU.


“CHHAND”:

PANKTIYO KO CHARAN YA PAD KAHTE HAI……(URDU…MISRA)

“YATI”, “GATI”, VAR.N YA MATRA KI GADNA KE VICHHAR KO CHHAND YA PADDH KAHTE HAI.

“YATI”: CHAND PADHATE SAMAY…JO BICH BICH ME RUKNA PADHTA HAI USE YATI KAHTE HAI.

“GATI”: CHAND PADHTE WAQT……JO UTAAR CHADHAV AATA , EK LAY DETA HAI, USE GATI KAHTE HAI.

TUK (TUK-BANDI)…..CHARAN (MISRA) KE ANT ME JU SAMAAN SABD AATE HAI (URDU ME…….RADEEF, KAAFIYAA)………TUKO SE CHHAND… LAY, SUNNE ME PRIY V ROCHAK HO JATA HAI……

“MATRA”: KISI VER.N KE UCHCHARN ME JO SAMAY LAGTA HAI……USE MATRA KAHTE HAI…….

“MATRA” DO PRAKAR KI HOTI HAI……..”LAGHU” AUR “GURU / DIRGH”

LAGHU MATRA: SAMAY THODA LAGTA HAI JAISE A, E, U, RI (KA, KE, KI, KU, K’R…… )
GURU / DIRGH: EE, II, UU, YE, YEE, O, OU (KAA, KEE, KII, KUU, KAYE, KO, KAU…….)

MATRA KI GADNA (METER, URDU—BEHER, YEH CHAND KE PRAKAR NIRDHARIT KARTI HAI)
SAYUKTA VYANJAN ME PAHLA….LAGHU BHI GURU MANA JATA HAI
VISARG AUR ANUSWAR….SE YUKT….VERN BHI GURU MANA JATA HAI

GA.N: HINDI ME 8 GA.N HOTE HAI……JO 3-3 AKXARO KE SAMUH HOTE HAI….
YAGA.N (1 2 2), MAGA.N (2 2 2), TAGA.N (2 2 1), RAGA.N(2 1 2), JAGA.N(1 2 1), BHAGA.N(2 1 1), NAGA.N(1 1 1), SAGA.N(1 1 2)

CHHAND KAYI BHED / PRAKAR KE HOTE HAI…UNKA AADHAR NICHE DIYE 3 HOTE HAI……

1..VAR.V VRITTA: VAR.NO KE UNUSAR GADNA HOTI HAI
2.. MANTRIK: CAHRNO KI GADNA MATRAO PER ADHARIT RAHTI HAI
3.. MUKTAK: INME UPAR KA KOYI NIYAM NAHI HOTA

SABSE PAHLE ME…….MUKT CHHAND / KAVITA KE BARE ME KAHUMGA……
“ATUKANTY CHHAND” YE SAB GADANAO SE AAJAD HAI…..PER SUNDARTA KE LIYE……LAY, UTAR CHADHAV KA PRAYOG HO SAKTA HAI, TUK KA HO SAKE TO PRAYOG HOTA HAI……INME “VICHHAR” AHEM HAI…… AAJ KAL JYADA TAR YAHI RACHNAYE HINDI ME MILTI HAI……DUSARI LOG GHAZAL KEH DETE HAI……..

1..“CHAUPAYE”: 4 CHARAN, HER ME 16 MATRAYE, JAG.N, TAG.N…ANT ME NAHI HOTA
2..“ROLA”: KUL 24 MATRAYE, 11 VI AUR BAAB ME 13 PER VIRAM, ANT ME DO GURU HONA JAROORI HAI.
3..”DOHA”: 1 LE AUR 3 RE CHARAN ME 13 MATRAYE, 2 RE AUR 4 THE ME 11 MATRAYE…. 1 LE 3 RE CHARAN JAGA.N SE SURU NAHI HOTA, AUR 2 RE, 4 THE KA ANR SAM AUR LAGHU HONA CHAHIYE.
4..”SORTHA”: 1 LE 3 RE CHARAN ME 11 -11 MATRAYE, 2 RE AUR 4 THE CHARAN ME 13-13 MATRAYE HONI CHAHIYE….ISME 1 LE AUR 3 RE CHARAN KE TUK MILTE HAI.
5..”KUNDALIYA.N”: SURUAT ME EK DOHA, BAAD ME 6 CHARAN HOTE HAI…DOHE KA ANTIM CHARAN..ROLA KA PEHLA CHARAN HOTA HAI…PAHLA AUR ANTIM SABD EK HOTA HAI….
6..”SAVAIYA”: PARTEK CHARAN ME..7 BHAGA.N AUR DO GURU VAR.N HOTE HAI.
7..”KAVIT’TA”: 4 CHARAN HOTE HAI, PRATEK CHARAN ME 16, 15, AUR 31 VER.N HOTE HAI, .. PRATEK CHARAN KE ANT ME GURI VER.N HONA CHAHIYE….GATI THIK KARNE KE LIYE…8..8..8..AYR 7 VER.N PER YATI RAHNA CHAHIYE………

Guru kabira ne di hai shikxa
Lalat lagau aise dikxa

kavya jan chetana bane
Guru kabira do aise bhikxa



Meri kavitaye dohri dohri
Syam socho, nikli dupahari

Upar upar doodh, niche rabdi
Nasamajh ki samajh adoori

Grahan kiya jo satya tathya
Har Pyas se ho jaye doori


Arvind Vyas "Pyas"

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#3 [url]

Feb 6 07 9:13 PM

Uncle ji... ye to bada mushkil kaam hai.. bilkul gazal ke beher sikhane ki tarah but yess aap saath rahe to aage badhne ke liye koshish jaror ki jaayegi

love
Garima

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#4 [url]

Feb 6 07 10:15 PM

bahut faaide waali jaankaarii pesh ki hai,arvind ji.
umiid ke aap ise kuchh visthaar se samjhaange
dhanyawaad

chaman

dil ki sabh ranj-o-alam jabr-o-zarar bhool gayaa
us pe yeh bhool yeh sochaa ki tujhe bhool gayaa

sach hai dil jaanata to hai,tu mujhe bhool gayaa
thii nahii.n bhoolne ki baat magar bhool gayaa

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#5 [url]

Feb 7 07 2:12 PM

QUOTE (shrddha @ February 04, 2007 02:13 pm)
bhaut badhi baat share ki hai aapne

ye bhaut shayata karegi likhne main

SHRDH JI,

DHANYABAD JI

JYADA LIKHNA CHAHTA THA.......AGAR SAB CHAHE TO AUR LIKHUNGA ISS VISHAY PER.

PYAS

Guru kabira ne di hai shikxa
Lalat lagau aise dikxa

kavya jan chetana bane
Guru kabira do aise bhikxa



Meri kavitaye dohri dohri
Syam socho, nikli dupahari

Upar upar doodh, niche rabdi
Nasamajh ki samajh adoori

Grahan kiya jo satya tathya
Har Pyas se ho jaye doori


Arvind Vyas "Pyas"

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#6 [url]

Feb 7 07 2:18 PM

QUOTE (archana @ February 06, 2007 03:57 pm)
arvind ji .....

kavita ke samband mein achchi jaankari di hai......

school time mein para tha ..per ab yaad nahi hai...

archana

ARCHANA JI

KAFI CHINTA KI BAAT HE.........HINDI KE YEH SAB DETAILS ........KAHI NAHI MILTE HAI.........ACHCHHI BAAT HAI........URDU KE MIL JATE HAI.........

HINDI ME NIYAMO SE LIKHNA......BAHUT KATHIN HAI.........

URDU GHAZAL ME BHI-------37 BEHER HOTE HAI.......NA KI.....19/20

ME KUCHH TAYYAR KER RAHA HU......KAB PURA HO DEKHTE HAI

DHANYABAD

ARVIND

Guru kabira ne di hai shikxa
Lalat lagau aise dikxa

kavya jan chetana bane
Guru kabira do aise bhikxa



Meri kavitaye dohri dohri
Syam socho, nikli dupahari

Upar upar doodh, niche rabdi
Nasamajh ki samajh adoori

Grahan kiya jo satya tathya
Har Pyas se ho jaye doori


Arvind Vyas "Pyas"

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